UN REDD Programme (Tanzania)
This is a collaboration between FAO, UNDP and UNEP that seeks to assist developing countries to prepare and implement national REDD+ strategies. The programme does this by bringing together technical teams from around the world to help develop analyses and guidelines on Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) of carbon emissions and flows as well as ensuring that forests continue to provide multiple benefits for livelihoods and environment while supporting the engagement of indigenous people and civil society at all stages of the design and implementation of REDD+ strategies. The programme also seeks to build a consensus and knowledge about REDD+ to ensure that REDD+ mechanism is included in a post-2012 climate change agreement. UN REDD programme in Tanzania outcomes are: 1) national governance framework and institutional capacities strengthened for REDD+; 2) Increased capacity for capturing REDD+ elements within national Monitoring, assessment, reporting and Verification systems; 3) Improved capacity to manage REDD+ and provide other forest ecosystem services at district and local levels; 4) Broad based stakeholder support for REDD+ in Tanzania.
Stakeholder engagement and participation
Consultation of stakeholders on REDD+ is led by the National REDD+ Task Force which works closely with the office of the Vice President and the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism (MNRT-FBD). The Tanzania R-PIN was developed in close consultation with the UN-REDD programme mission in Tanzania whose objective is to develop a joint programme to support Tanzania in achieving the first phase of Readiness for REDD+. Non-governmental stakeholders and civil society participate effectively in national and international REDD+ decision making, strategy development and implementation through stakeholder consultation meetings and through the Technical Working Groups (TWGs).
Land tenure arrangements and carbon rights
The FAO, UNEP and UNDP rights-based and participatory approaches ensures the rights of forest dwelling and forest adjacent communities are protected. The active involvement of local communities and relevant institutions in the design and implementation of REDD+ plans and methodologies also ensures that the issues of rights are addressed.
Forest law enforcement is through the Forest Act No. 14 of 2002
The country is in the process of developing a system of calculating reference emission levels which will involve remote sensing, ground truthing and local level resource assessment
The UN-REDD programme has developed a set of guidelines for addressing and implementing Safugards in the process of REDD+ implementation, but Tanzania is yet to develop a national system of Safeguards.
Tanzania is in the process of developing a national MRV methodology. This will involve the use of GIS, satelite image analysis, remote sensing, forest inventories, mapping, database development and management. Monitoring of activities carried out by participating UN organizations is done through internal and external audit. An evaluation plan will ensure that all programmes supported by the UN programme will undertake a final evaluation. On reporting the participating UN organizations are required to provide narrative reports on results achieved, lessons learned and te contributions made to the joint programme.