The move towards a national-level REDD+ system in Guyana has not yet been accompanied by a new legal framework. Similarly, there are no legal instruments defining clear ownership of carbon.
Natural resource management is supported by an Environmental Protection Act (1996) that established the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and processes for Environmental Impact Assessments and the granting of environmental authorisations. The Forestry Act (2009) has recently been updated to establish a stronger legal framework for sustainable forest management, conservation and engagement with local communities. It provides the management framework for timber concessions in the State Forest Estate, and its accompanying regulations sets out the technical details relating to the operation of these concessions. The Mining Act (1989) provides the framework for managing mining activities including the remit of the Guyana Geology and Mines Commission (GGMC). The Mining Act is supplemented by two sets of Regulations, the Mining Regulations of 1973 (‘Regulations’) and the Mining (Amendment) Regulations No. 3 of 2005 that relate to environmental management of mining. A new Amerindian Act (2006) provides the framework for Amerindian communities to manage their communally owned land. Protected Areas legislation was passed in July 2011, which repealed previous legislation relating to the Kaieteur National Park (Kaieteur National Park Act). The Iwokrama forest is covered by a separate legal instrument: the Iwokrama Act.
Guyana has ratified the three major Rio treaties, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1994 and the Convention to Combat Desertification in 1997. Guyana voted in favour of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People at the UN in 2007.