National Programme Document - Ecuador
Ecuador has approximately 10 million hectares of diverse forest types covering approximately 55% of the country. According to 2000 data, an estimated 198,000 hectares of forest are lost every year. In order to reverse this forest loss, the Government of Ecuador (GoE) has made reducing the deforestation rate a priority of the National Plan for Good Living (2009-2013). To achieve this goal, the Ministry of Environment is implementing a series of initiatives to reduce deforestation in the country as part of good governance of forest resources and to simultaneously contribute to climate change mitigation by reducing GHG emissions related to this activity. This includes the Socio Bosque Program, a policy of incentives for the conservation of native forests. This initiative seeks to complement the "command-control" policies historically applied to the country‘s forestry sector, in an attempt to reconcile forest conservation with development.
Ecuador is also working to develop the National REDD+ Strategy, which seeks to simultaneously contribute to the mitigation of climate change and the implementation of good forest management practices through national activities, projects, measures and policies to reduce deforestation and associated GHG emissions. To contribute to the implementation of the strategy, the National Joint Program (NJP) aims to support Ecuador in the preparation phase of the implementation of the REDD+ mechanism. To that end, the NJP will support specific activities within the National REDD+ Strategy framework as part of the country‘s preparation phase. These activities are connected to the technical and financial cooperation programs with the German Government, which also seek to contribute to the preparation phase for REDD+ implementation.