Lessons Learned for REDD+ from PES and Conservation Incentive Programs



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At COP16 in Cancun, representatives from Costa Rica, Mexico, and Ecuador held a discussion on PES and conservation incentive programs in these three countries and their relationship to REDD+. Building on the success of that preliminary discussion, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Ecuador are working with the World Bank and Forest Trends to document PES experiences and implications for their REDD+ programs and policies, and to make this experience internationally available for REDD+ stakeholders. This report forms a part of that work and describes lessons learned in five key areas: a) Legal aspects of PES, conservation incentives and REDD+ programs through the lens of participation agreementsb) Poverty reduction, livelihoods, and other equity issuesc) Evaluating and managing trade-offs and synergies between programs, sectors, and incentivesd) Monitoring, reporting, and verification of activities and outcomese) Financial mechanisms, targeting, and controlling administrative costsSpecifically, the report describes examples of how each of these topics has been tackled in national programs and how these experiences can inform the development of REDD+ in the three focus countries and beyond.Based on the three national experiences, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Ecuador, supported by Forest Trends, the World Bank, and several experts, have identified key interrelated (and often overlapping) lessons for informing the transition to REDD+.