Legal Frameworks for REDD. Design and Implementation at the National Level. Case Study - Papua New Guinea
The present state of forest governance in PNG suggests that REDD legislation must include measuresto address its largest driver of deforestation, illegal logging. The government needs to expand onadditionality, and develop some sort of liability mechanism with teeth to discourage violations.Furthermore, PNG should address uncertainties in customary land tenure. The law should be changedto decrease the participation disparity between customary landowners, the government, and privateentities when it comes to forest resource use. This will better ensure success of REDD, because itwill foster more participation among the people who are in the best position to act as custodians overthe conservation of forests. PNG’s current mechanism for dispute resolution also lacks capacity todeal with issues that will arise with disputes over land and benefit-sharing agreements. Furthermore,increasing access to information on REDD projects will increase awareness among local communitiesabout the importance of REDD, and the important role it has to play.