The future of Nepal's forests. Outlook for 2020.

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Summary

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) was conducting Forestry Sector Outlook Study (FSOS) over the world to visualize how forestry sector will likely evolve in 2020. As amember country of United Nations (UN), Nepal was involving to carry out the country level forestryoutlook study to contribute world FSOS. This report is output of the study.The roles of forests are changing their focus from wood production towards a course around broadersocial, environmental, economic and cultural extents. In corresponding with change in the forestlandscape, forestry stakeholders have also changed significantly whilst their range of interests hasexpanded and diversified. Forestry stakeholders are now recognized to include forest dependentcommunities, Forest based industrial societies, sophisticated global carbon market investors and a vastarray of parties and individuals in between. Demand of forests for goods and services significantly differsbetween these diverse stakeholders.Forestry sector is a sub set of whole political and socio- economic systems. Future of forest and forestryof Nepal will greatly reliant up on how those systems will likely evolve in the country. In currentsituation,, probably the political and institutional changes will be the most important and uncertain driversinfluencing even the economic changes. Interim constitution (2007) of Nepal has visualized shape of newNepal. The constitution has clearly stated that New Nepal will be republican, federal, prosperous andinclusive. However, the restructuring of the state will be decided by Constitutional Assembly (CA) andinstitutionalized by formulating full-fledged constitution. To adopt these macro level policies, Nepal isundergoing state restructuring processes which will have huge implications in forest and forestry.This outlook study report has been prepared through consultative and interactive processes from grassroot to policy levels stakeholders. This report analyzes current status of forest and forestry of Nepal,identifies key drivers of change, develops probable scenario for future, provides strategies and prioritiesto reform forestry sector and reveals outlook for 2020. Through comprehensive analysis, the report offersguiding framework for reforming forestry policies and reinventing forestry sector institutions to adopt andinstitutionalize internal and external change. Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation (MFSC) iscommitted to implement the recommended strategies and priorities which will facilitate to enhancesustainable forestry in Nepal.