Free, Prior and Informed Consent Surui Carbon Project
The Surui Carbon Project was conceived in 2007 by the Metareilá Association, with support from environmental and indigenous organizations. The project aims to strengthen cultural and environmental conservation in the Indigenous Land Sete de Setembro, which has an area of 247,870 hectares and a population of approximately 1,300 inhabitants. The Surui Carbon Project intends to fund protection, territorial control and local capacity building activities through payments for ecosystem services, especially the marketing of carbon credits, which emerged as a promising new alternative. The work of the organizations involved is aimed toward the technical construction of the Project Design Document (PDD), which describes the activities and the potential for emissions reductions from the project, as well as the conservation status of indigenous land, its wealth of biodiversity and the community’s relationship with the environment. This set of information significantly influences the value of carbon credits.
Among the forms of carbon offsets, the most relevant to indigenous lands are: the maintenance of forest stocks through Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD), and carbon sequestration from reforestation. In both methodologies, the Surui people have an advantage for obtaining carbon credits. Additional benefits of the Surui Carbon Project are: biodiversity conservation, improvement in the quality of life of the communities, maintenance of watersheds, restoration and reforestation of degraded areas, and strengthening of indigenous culture.