Community Tenure and REDD+
The emergence of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and conserving, sustainably managing and enhancing forest carbon stocks (collectively referred to as REDD+) has generated great interest as a possible means of increasing support for the forest stewardship activities of indigenous peoples and local communities. If done well, REDD+ initiatives could contribute to strengthening community land and resource rights, empowering community-based management and diversifying livelihoods through participation in REDD+ activities. Yet REDD+ has also sparked concerns about possible adverse impacts on indigenous and community rights and livelihoods, such as restrictions on land and resource rights, increased centralization of forest management and inequitable beneﬁ t-sharing. Reducing these risks and strengthening incentives for community stewardship will depend on establishment of safeguards as well as enabling conditions that help to secure the rights and livelihoods of indigenous peoples and local communities in relation to REDD+.