Cambodia REDD+ Readiness - State of Play
This report presents the results of a study on REDD+ readiness in Cambodia.
With the understanding that deforestation contributes to as much as 20 per cent of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) have been attempting to reach agreement on how developing countries can be supported and rewarded for protecting and enhancing the carbon stocks in their standing forests – a concept known as REDD+. For international negotiators to reach agreement on a global REDD+ mechanism presents but one challenge. Where deforestation rates have been persistently high over many years and where forest management policies have largely been ineffective in achieving their objectives, reforming governance structures, regulatory controls and incentive systems to protect forest carbon stocks, including in a manner that is socially acceptable (e.g. acceptable to all major forest stakeholders), will not be easy. The global REDD+ mechanism will also require participating counties to project future forest carbon stock changes under a business-as-usual scenario, to monitor and report actual forest carbon stock changes, and to attribute these changes to drivers. As developing counties mostly have incomplete and inconsistent forest datasets, and as some have never conducted a proper forest inventory, these presents another set of difficult challenges.
The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) is monitoring the development of national REDD+ systems in selected key REDD+ countries in the Asia-Pacific region. This work is generally based upon outputs produced through a REDD+ related project funded by the Ministry of Environment, Japan.