Phase II of the UN-REDD Viet Nam Programme, with a budget of USD 30 million, represents the largest support for REDD+ preparation and implementation in the country. Involving a number of national and subnational activities, the UN-REDD Viet Nam Programme aims to assist in the Vietnamese government’s plans to become ‘REDD+ ready’ by 2015. To do this, it supports many REDD+-related activities, including through strengthening Viet Nam’s institutional arrangements, the establishment of reference levels, the development of the MRV and benefit distribution systems, and capacity building. The main focus of Phase II of the UN-REDD Programme is the piloting of measures sub-nationally in six selected provinces. Along with the parallel work of other international partners, it is expected that in total between eight and ten provinces will host pilot REDD+ activities (UN-REDD PROGRAMME, 2012b). The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) Readiness Programme, through a readiness grant of around USD 3.6 million is another important national activity supporting REDD+ preparations in Viet Nam.
A number of organisations are active at the subnational level and are involved in capacity building and other REDD+ preparation activities. Many of these are regional initiatives that are being implemented elsewhere outside of Viet Nam. The SNV Netherlands Development Organisation, for example, is involved in a number of REDD+ activities, including the ENRICH project funded by the German International Climate Initiative. ENRICH aims to improve the understanding of forest carbon stock enhancement and analyse the feasibility of such strategies through pilots in both Viet Nam and Lao PDR. Related to this project is SNV’s Mangroves and Markets project, which aims to protect mangroves in Ca Mau province through the restoration of abandoned shrimp farms, the promotion of sustainable shrimp production and by accessing carbon finance. SNV is involved in a range of other projects, including ‘Delivering Environmental and Social Multiple Benefits from REDD+ in South East Asia’ (MB-REDD), which aims to support Viet Nam (and Lao PDR) in implementing national REDD+ programmes that deliver multiple social and environmental benefits.
The U. S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is funding a number of climate change initiatives, including those that either focus on REDD+ or include it as a major objective. In particular are the Vietnam Forests and Deltas Programme (VFD) and the regional Lowering Emissions in Asia’s Forest (LEAF) Programme. VFD is enhancing climate change resilience planning and action at community and provincial scales; through strengthening climate-smart livelihoods and settlements, both urban and rural.
LEAF is supporting the development of a REDD+ Action Plan in Lam Dong Province as well as the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) in developing a pilot decision on the regulation of fund based carbon payments to be signed by the Minister of MARD. The development of this pilot decision involves a number of studies on linking local and national level incentive payments through the development of the national MRV system and national reference emission level (REL), carbon rights, and payment infrastructure and disbursement mechanisms (for carbon and non-carbon payments).
Other important sub-national activities include the Dien Bien REDD+ Pilot Project, supported by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), which aims to build technical and institutional capacity for REDD+ implementation in Dien Bien. WWF is also implementing a project aiming to improve the management of the Greater Ammanites Ecoregion on the border of Viet Nam and Lao PDR. The project’s main tasks include an assessment of the area’s forest carbon stocks and capacity building for REDD+ of provincial government officials.