The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) is responsible for the overall management of climate change programmes in Viet Nam and is the country’s focal point for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) is the focal government agency providing national leadership on REDD+ (UN-REDD PROGRAMME, 2013). It chairs the National REDD+ Steering Committee and contains the Viet Nam Administration of Forestry (VNFOREST), which is responsible for the overall development of the forestry sector. The Ministry for Planning and Investment and the Ministry of Finance are also involved in REDD+ initiatives and support MARD in the implementation of REDD+. The Viet Nam REDD+ Office (VRO) is the standing office of the National REDD+ Steering Committee and is responsible for mobilising resources, and coordinating, monitoring and providing guidance for REDD+ implementation throughout the country. Each of the above ministries also feed into the National Steering Committee of the National Target Programme to Respond to Climate Change (NTP-RCC).
Phase II of the UN-REDD Viet Nam Programme will provide the country with the single largest source of funding for REDD+ activities. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and UN Environment Programme (UNEP) are all active in contributing different outputs within the UN-REDD Programme. Other international development partners who are implementing, or who have implemented, REDD+ activities in Viet Nam include the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the German Organisation for International Cooperation (GIZ), the World Bank, the German Development Bank (KfW), the Embassy of Finland, and the Embassy of Norway.
Many non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are also active in supporting the development of REDD+ in Viet Nam. These include domestic NGOs, such as the Centre for Sustainable Rural Development (SRD), and international NGOs, including SNV Netherlands Development Organisation, the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Climate Focus and Winrock International. The National REDD+ Network and the Forest Sector Support Partnership, which any institution that is involved in REDD+ activities in Viet Nam can join, helps to coordinate activities between these organisations.
UN-REDD PROGRAMME. 2013. Legal analysis of cross-cutting issues for REDD+ implementation. Lessons learned from Mexico, Viet Nam and Zambia. Available here. [Accessed May 2013]