Land Administration Project (Ghana)
The LAP intends to implement key policy actions and reforms recommended in the Ghana Land Policy of 1999, to address critical issues and constraints such as excessive conflicts, inadequate legislative frameworks and weak institutional capacity, that ultimately prevent effective land administration in the country .
The project is expected to last between 15-25 years. The objective of the first phase of the project (LAP 1), which was implemented from 2003 to 2010, was to develop a sustainable and well functioning land administration system that is fair, efficient, cost effective, decentralised and that enhances land tenure security. The first phase of the reforms implemented involved a number of tasks that laid the foundations for the project to achieve its goals. LAP 1 involved reviews of the statutes on land; institutional reforms; pilots of a number of initiatives, such as customary boundary demarcation, the establishment of customary lands secretariats, digitising land records, and the establishment of land courts.
The second phase (LAP 2), implemented from 2011 to 2016, aims to consolidate and strengthen urban and rural land administration and management systems for efficient and transparent land service delivery. It seeks to secure and complete the legal and institutional reforms started in LAP 1. Among other things, LAP 2 aims to enable land sector agencies to be more responsive to clients, cut down the cost and time of doing business and provide an enabling environment to deliver an efficient and transparent service.
The achievement of the LAP objectives would have implications for the tenure issues presented to REDD+.