The main institutions involved in the implementation of REDD+ in Peru are the Ministry of Environment (MINAM), the Ministry of Agriculture (MINAG) and the Regional Governments. MINAM is the national environmental authority and has direct jurisdiction over activities related to climate change. It organises its activities primarily through the National Service of Natural Protected Areas (SERNANP), the National Forest Conservation Programme for the Mitigation of Climate Change (PNCBMCC), and the different General Directions it contains. MINAG implements forestry activities mainly through the General Forestry and Wildlife Agency (DGFFS). This ministry has great influence over REDD+ activities, because it is responsible for establishing the mechanisms for the maintenance of forest environmental services. It is important to mention that the organisational structure of MINAG will be modified, due to the creation of a new forestry and wildlife authority: the National Forest Service (SERFOR). SERFOR was created by the new Forest and Wildlife Law - No. 29763, which is yet to be ratified. It works as the governing body of the National Forest and Wildlife Management System (SINAFOR), and is the technical and regulatory forestry authority at the national level. It is in charge of promulgating rules and establishing procedures in this area.
As part of this institutional restructuring, MINAG has recently issued Regulations for Organisation and Functions (ROF) of the SERFOR. After its complete implementation, SERFOR will be the new national forestry and wildlife authority, replacing the General Forestry and Wildlife Agency (DGFFS), responsible issuing policies in forestry matters, in particular related to the conservation and sustainable use of forest resources. It will act at the national, regional and local level, in accordance with the relevant national policies, plans and objectives and will also assume its role as the governing body for the National Forest and Wildlife Management System (SINAFOR).
The Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MINRE), the Ministry of Culture, and the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (PCM), through the Forestry and Wildlife Resources Supervisory Body (OSINFOR), and the National Centre for Strategic Planning (CEPLAN) also have roles in this process.
Other government agencies whose policies and functions are linked with deforestation and forest degradation, and therefore who have a role to play in REDD+, are the Ministry of Housing, Construction and Sanitation, through the Organismo de Formalización de la Propiedad Informal (COFOPRI), the Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM), the Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) and the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism (MINCETUR).
In addition to the government entities with reposnsibility over climate change and forest matters, private institutions have activities that impact REDD+, predominantly, domestic and foreign NGOs working in Peru. These include: the Association for the Conservation of the Amazon Basin (ACCA), the Association for Research and Integral Development (AIDER), Amazonians for the Amazon (AMPA), the Centre for Conservation, Research and Management of Natural Areas (CIMA), Rights, Environment and Natural Resources (DAR), the Common Good Institute (IBC), the Peruvian Society of International Law (SPDA), the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and Conservation International (CI), among others.
Likewise, a number of private companies are involved in the development of REDD+ projects, for example Amazonian Forests and EcoSecurities. In addition, various domestic and foreign companies are providing consulting and advisory services to the REDD+ process, such as Winrock International, Carbon Decisions International (CDI), Terra Carbon, Libélula and Asesorandes, among others.