Nepal’s National Interim Plan specifies specific reforms and target goals within the land sector, including forestry and agriculture. The most recent Three Year Interim Plan (2007 – 2009) emphasizes the role of the forestry sector in Nepal including legal and institutional reform, poverty reduction through forestry development based income generation activities, and particularly that marginalized communities and women are allocated equitable percentages of income from community forestry and access to forest products (FAO, n.d).
Nepal’s National Forestry Plan (1976) and the Master Plan for the Forestry Sector (1988-2011) constitute the main policy guidance frameworks for the conservation and management of forests, and have been so for over the last thirty years (MFSC, 2012). The Forest Sector Policy (2000) has also been important in supporting the forest sector, and along with the Master Plan, has been particularly relevant in supporting Nepal’s transition towards a decentralised system of governance. Forest Regulations (1995) published alongside the Forestry Act serve to define community regimes and local institutions for the management of forests at the local level. The National Conservation Strategy (1988) aims to ensure the sustainable use of Nepal’s land and resources, to preserve biological diversity and to maintain ecological and life-support systems.
The Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation has begun reforming the national policy framework and is currently in the process of developing a National REDD Strategy to be completed by 2013, in addition to a Forest Sector Strategy (2000), Biodiversity Strategy, Nature Conservation Strategy and Low-carbon Development Strategy, which altogether will form a holistic national approach to resource management. The National Forest Strategy aims to pave the future long-term direction of the sector, to guide ongoing programmes and projects and to meet its national and international commitments (MFSC, 2012). The Forest Sector Strategy must find political consensus on issues relating to carbon ownership and ownership of the forests, and is planning to approve a Draft Strategy Paper by the Cabinet of Ministers by July 2013. The Task Force is responsible for reviewing the Master Plan for the Forestry Sector and for preparing the new Forest Sector Strategy with guidance from the Advisory Committee, participation of stakeholders including Forestry Forums, the Forest Sector Coordination Committee and other stakeholders through consultative meetings.
FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL ORGANISATION. No Date. Asia Forestry Outlook 2020: Country Report Nepal.
MINISTRY OF FORESTS AND SOIL CONSERVATION. 2010. Nepal’s REDD Readiness Proposal 2010 – 2013. Government of Nepal.