Nepal’s Multi Stakeholder Forestry Programme (MSFP) is the most prominent activity taking place at the national level with co-financing totalling USD $150 million from DFID, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Finland and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation. The project aims to improve the livelihoods of the poor and disadvantaged people in Nepal and will also develop Nepal’s forestry sector to promote economic growth, poverty reduction and efforts to tackle climate change. The MSFP was signed in January 2012 for an initial four years with a possible extension for another six years. While not a REDD project, this is a significant national project which has impacts on the forest sector in Nepal.
As part of Nepal's engagement with the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), the country gets 'REDD+ Readiness Preparation Support' to implement relevant activities. According to the most recent R-PP in June 2012, Nepal is developing national strategies and has started implementation through various pilot projects. The USAID funded Hariyo Ban project in particular has commissioned the national REDD+ strategy to be developed. WWF is implementing two projects in collaboration with Winrock International and Friends of Nature in the Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) and the Sacred Himalayan Landscape (SHL). The aim is to develop Forest Carbon Accounting, specifically reference levels which will contribute to the national REDD+ process. WWF Nepal is also implementing a project for ‘Reducing Poverty in Nepal’, which aims to strengthen REDD+ capacity in a socially inclusive way to inform the policy and institutional process for REDD+. The project aims to prepare for REDD+ by developing an equitable carbon financing mechanism and to assist in the development of methodologies for REDD+ (MoFSC, 2011).
REDD+ projects in Nepal mostly focus on awareness raising, capacity building and national REDD+ methodology development (MoFSC, 2011). Specifically, the project to ‘Design and Establish a Governance and Payment System for Community Forest Management under REDD+’ is implemented by the International Center for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), the Asia Network for Sustainable Agriculture and Bio-resources (ANSAB) and the Federation of Community Forestry Users, Nepal (FECOFUN) to pilot a REDD+ payment mechanism in community management forests in the Chitwan, Gorhka and Dolakha districts in Nepal. This project aims to pilot a Forest Carbon Trust Fund (FCTF). Based on the outcomes of the project, Nepal will enact new legislation for the FCTF for the regulation of carbon finance and the distribution of benefits from REDD+ activities.
The Center for People and Forests (RECOFTC), FECOFUN and HIMAWANTI are jointly promoting 'Grassroots Capacity Building for REDD+ in Nepal' to raise awareness of REDD+ concepts and issues across 16 districts in Nepal. Similarly, the National Federation of Indigenous Nationalities (NEFIN) in partnership with the Indigenous People’s International Centre for Policy Research and Education (TEBTEBBA) and the International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) are implementing a ‘Climate Change and REDD Partnership Programme’ to promote equitable rights, increase REDD+ awareness and conduct capacity building and to contribute to the development and implementation of national REDD+ strategies (MoFSC, 2011). The project also includes community based REDD+ regional level training and community based carbon measurement and inventory training.
The Himalayan Community Carbon Project (HCCP) is being implemented by Rupantaran Nepal using Plan Vivo’s landscape approach, working with Forest Group Users in 8 village development committees (VDCs) across Nepal. The pilot project aims to assist rural communities in Nepal to engage with and benefit from international voluntary markets for ecosystem services. The HCCP project is operational and is in the process of generating interest for sales of Plan Vivo certificates. Project activities include reducing forest degradation and enhancing carbon sequestration by establishing new native forests to support local communities.
FOREST CARBON PARTNERSHIP FACILITY. 2012. REDD Readiness Progress Fact Sheet. June 2012. Available here.
MINISTRY OF FORESTS AND SOIL CONSERVATION. 2011. Study on REDD Plus Piloting in Nepal. Government of Nepal.