UN-REDD Indonesia Joint Program
The UN-REDD program in Indonesia aims to facilitate the Indonesian government to timely develop a REDD architecture that will allow a fair, equitable and transparent REDD implementation significantly contributing to a sustainable reduction of forestry related greenhouse gas emissions. UN-REDD is made up of the United Nations Development Program, the United Nations Environment Program, and the Food and Agriculture Organisation.
The Objective of the UN-REDD Indonesia Programme is “to assist the GoI in attaining REDD-Readiness”. In order to secure this Objective, three Outcomes with subsequent outputs and activities are being pursued:
1) Strengthened multi-stakeholder participation and consensus at national level - through consensus building on key national REDD policy issues, the distribution of lessons learned, and a robust communications program;
2) Successful demonstration of establishing a REL, MRV and fair payment systems based on the national REDD architecture – through building capacity for carbon inventory gathering, reference emissions level, harmonizing a payment mechanism at provincial level, and incorporating co-benefits into REDD schemes;
3) Capacity established to implement REDD at decentralized levels – so that REDD can be incorporated at the district level, local stakeholders can benefit, and district plans for REDD implementation are endorsed.
UN-REDD's national partner is the Ministry of Forestry, but UN-REDD works with many different stakeholders, both Government and non-government to support the implementation of REDD.
Stakeholder engagement and participation
UN-REDD developed FPIC Guidelines for Indonesia in 2009. Building on this, UN-REDD Indonesia participated in UN-REDD Programme Asia Regional Consultation with Indigenous Peoples on FPIC and Recourse Mechanisms in Hanoi, to better understand FPIC.
The UN-REDD Programme has also supported the development of national FPIC guidelines. A National FPIC workshop was held in early January 2011 to support a national consensus on the importance of FPIC. Furthermore, implementation of the FPIC process in Central Sulawesi has started. UN-REDD says that through the active involvement of multi-stakeholders at sub-national levels, a targeted FPIC process will be implemented in the pilot province/districts. Workshops on FPIC mechanisms at provincial and district levels were held at the end of December 2010, and several missions are planned to give further support to the multi-stakeholder development of the FPIC processes.
Land tenure arrangements and carbon rights
UN-REDD acknowledges that for REDD to be effective, local stakeholders, consisting of local communities (indigenous peoples) and local institutions (governmental and non-governmental) need to have the capacity and tools to ensure that effective and fair mechanisms are being established and implemented. Furthermore, it needs to be ensured that all stakeholders fully understand both their rights and their obligations under a REDD regime. Capacity also needs to be developed to ensure proper action can be taken when rights or obligations are breached.
The project will assist the government to develop a methodological approach to set up a workable and verifiable REL against which future efforts to reduce deforestation and forest degradation will be measured. It will do this at national and the sub-national levels with a REL assessment in a pilot province - Central Sulawesi. In formulating the REL at provincial level, UNREDD will ensure this will be synchronized with what has already been developed by GOI at national level.
UN-REDD Indonesia chose Central Sulawesi as the pilot province, in part, because it offers good potential to realize co-benefits because of its combination of low MDG performance and unique biodiversity.
In the year ahead, UN-REDD Indonesia will likely start rolling out a toolkit for setting priorities towards maximizing potential carbon-benefits and incorporating co-benefits at the provincial level. Spatial analysis of co-benefits is also expected to take place, as is training of provincial staff in use of the Toolkit.
- Integration of the results into local spatial planning process, national REDD policy, and decision making.
UN-REDD (with FAO leading) has developed information materials on MRV to aid the discussion in Indonesia on MRV. Also several discussion sessions were held with the Ministry of Forestry to increase understanding of MRV and REL. The UN-REDD Programme is also preparing to implement a Remote Sensing and Forest Inventory training in Central Sulawesi together with Tadulako University.
The UN-REDD Programme has also been meeting with the relevant actors working on MRV, to develop an overview of the initiatives and enhance cooperation and collaboration in this matter. The UN-REDD Programme focuses on developing a new National Forest Inventory (NFI) based on the existing NFI as a necessary part of a MRV system. The other aspect of an MRV system is the satellite land monitoring. A satellite image interpretation of Lore Lindu National Park in Central Sulawesi was carried out to test the possibilities to identify land-use categories. This resulted in several maps of the Park.
The UN-REDD Programme developed an initial historical emission level from forestry in Central Sulawesi for the period 2000-2009. This was done to present the methodology applicable to MRV and REL processes.