Regional REDD Program in Central America and the Dominican Republic
The Program functions under the direction of the Central American Commission on Environment and Development (CCAD) - the environmental branch of the Central American Integration System (SICA). The programme receives support from the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) funded by the Federal Republic of Germany through the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).
The duration of the Program is six years from 2010 to October 2016, over which time the Federal Republic of Germany will contribute 12 million Euros divided among the eight countries of the Central American Integration System (SICA). The Program seeks to identify and collect funds to support the implementation of compensation payments, strengthen existing REDD+ processes, and be a complementary presence to reduce the destruction of tropical forests. The Program seeks to encourage the member countries of SICA to actively participate in the discussion, development, and implementation of REDD+, so that REDD+ may respond to the defined regional priorities in order to face the challenge of climate change.
At the national level, the project will support dialogue between sectors, the development of national REDD+ strategies, and the implementation of compensation instruments that have been adapted to the specific reality of each country. This last point includes taking the needs of indigenous and local communities and small farmers into consideration while adopting a gender-equality based approach. On a regional level, the project supports processes between countries to develop joint positions and approaches to REDD+ and strategies to keep deforestation transfer (leakage) under control within each country as well as between them.
In Guatemala the principle support of the REDD-CCAD-GIZ project has been towards elaborating and building capacity on reference levels and MRV. The project has provided RapidEye images for the Western sub-national reference level as well as Idrisi software and training to members of the Forest Mapping Group (Grupo de Mapeo Forestal; GMF). This is intended to be a pilot for potential support with RapidEye / Idrisi to develop land-use maps for the rest of the country.
In Costa Rica, the REDD-CCAD-GIZ project is funding the preparation of the first national forest inventory, which (at December 2013) is underway and expected to be completed by the end of 2014. The project has also provided RapidEye images to elaborate a forest cover map for 2010. This map will be used in conjunction with the forestry inventory to calibrate the on-going work to stardardise Costa Rica's historic series of forest cover maps. REDD-CCAD-GIZ is also funding the Cultural Mediators Training Programme. This programme is being implemented by CATIE and the Bribri and Cabecar Indigneous Network (RIBCA) and the Cabecar Talamanca Indigenous Holistic Development Authority (ADITICA) and is designed to build indigenous capacity to understand REDD+, explain it to the wider community and take decisions on it.