PNG Australia Forest Carbon Partnership
Clearing forests (deforestation) is a major contributor to climate change and accounts for almost one fifth of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions. For this reason the Governments of PNG and Australia have agreed to work together on reducing global greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD). Sharing views and experiences on reducing deforestation will help PNG to make decisions which will lessen the effects of climate change and support PNG’s efforts to promote sustainable forest management and conserve biodiversity. In particular, the two countries will work together to develop guidelines and procedures for reducing deforestation, develop scientific methods for measuring rates of deforestation, and help communities find new ways to make a living from forests. All of these activities will help PNG and will also contribute to a global effort to discover better ways of reducing the effects of climate change.
Agreed on 6 March 2008, Australia committed up to AU$3 million in initial funding, including technical, scientific and analytical support for whole‐of‐government policy development on REDD+. The three initial areas for collaboration are policy dialogue, forest carbon monitoring and measurement, and participation in global carbon markets, including demonstration activities. Under its International Forest Carbon Initiative, Australia also has a funding window fo rNGOs to test REDD+ concepts. Australia has provided grants of up to AU$ 200,000 to four NGOs todevelop REDD+ demonstration activity concepts in five provinces. These are: The Nature Conservancy in the Adelbert Mountains, Madang province; Wildlife Conservation Society in New Ireland and Manus provinces; Conservation International in the Yus area of Morobe province; and Live and Learn in West New Britain province. Overall progress with the Australia funding has been slow due to governance concerns and slow progress on performance measures.
Australia has worked with the Government of PNG to identify an initial package of assistance under the PNG-Australia Forest Carbon Partnership that aims to build the capacity of the PNG Government and other relevant institutions to develop a robust national carbon accounting and monitoring system.