The Great Green Wall for Sahara and Sahel (Ethiopia)
The Great Green Wall is a pan-African proposal to establish a green belt of planted trees across the Sahel-Saharan region in order to battle desertification and land degradation. The initiative aims to support the efforts of local communities in the sustainable management and use of forests, range lands and other natural resources in dry lands. It also aims to contribute to climate change mitigation, improve food security and livelihoods of people in the Sahel and the Sahara.
In June 2010, Burkina Faso, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and Sudan signed a convention in Ndjamena, Chad, to create the Great Green Wall (GGW) Agency and nominate a secretary to further develop the initiative. This was followed by the development of a harmonised strategy, as part of a EUR 1.75 million African Union project launched in September 2011.
In Ethiopia the GGWSS programme is expected to further reinforce the government’s Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) Strategy, of which REDD+ is an integral part. The GWSS is an African Union programme supported by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), the European Union, and the Global Mechanism of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (GM-UNCCD). In Ethiopia the FAO is funding the development of a National Strategy and Plan of Action for the GGWSS, which is part of a Technical Cooperation Project designed to provide technical and financial support to Ethiopia and 4 other countries (Chad, Djibouti, Mali and Niger). The Ministry of Agriculture is the GGWSS focal organisation in Ethiopia.