Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (Peru)
Peru initiated its involvement with the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility in 2008. In 2011 its Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) was positively assessed at the 8th Participants Committee and funding was allocated for Peru to move forward with its readiness process. Throughout 2013, the R-PP has been reviewed and updated, however the final version (as of November 2013) is yet to be published. It was expected that the final R-PP would be submitted to the FCPF by December 2013 and that subsequently the R-PP Preparation Grant would be signed, authorising Peru to receive US$3.6 million for implementation of the R-PP.
Stakeholder engagement and participation
The objective of this process has been socializing the proposal, creating a total transparency in its development and receiving recommendations from the stakeholders. During the RPP implementation and design, the socialization process and consultation is very importante, because ir allow us to ensure effective participation, incorporation of the priorities of civil society in all elements of the National Strategy for REDD+ (options for REDD +, SESA, MRV, Reference Scenario).
Land tenure arrangements and carbon rights
According to the peruvian Constitution, forests are State property,so they are public. The state, according to law, grant of concessions for public use forests to particulars for specific use such as forest timber concessions in the Permanent Production Forests, Non-Timber Forest Concession (mostly brown), Ecotourism Awardsand Conservation Awards. All these methods are given in the Permanent Production Forests (BPP) and Protective Services.There are also forests managed by the State in land use and assignment, as is the case of peasant communities and indigenous communities. Government management of the BPP and forest lands and assignment delivered in use, is in charge ofthe MINAG. Forests in the SINANPE are administered by the SERNANP attached to MINAM. Some natural protected areas contracts have full or partial administration by non-governmental organizations (CIMA,AIDER, among others). All categories of concession and forest use are subject to the presentation of a management plan aftersigning the authorization certificate. The ANP requires the development of a Master Plan for management contracts.
The granting of rights system is not perfect and therefore overlapsany rights exist on the same area of forest granted by differentinstitutions and different actors. These cases also occur in areas of assignment in use native communities, due to its size, land registryproblems and lack of official control, revealing the need for bettermechanisms for information and coordination.