Climate Change Partnership with Indigenous Peoples: Promoting Rights-Based, Equitable and Pro-Poor REDD Strategies in South and Southeast Asia
The project is supported by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD) and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and is being implemented by the International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA), Asia Indigenous Peoples’ Pact (AIPP) and Indigenous Peoples’ International Centre for Policy Research and Education (TEBTEBBA). This project has been implemented successfully with local partners in five countries: Indonesia (with the Indigenous Peoples' Alliance of the Archipelago, Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nusantara – AMAN), Laos (with the Global Association for People and the Environment – GAPE and with Lao Biodiversity Association - LBA), Nepal (with the Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities – NEFIN), Vietnam (with the Centre for Sustainable Development in Mountainous Areas – CSDM) and Thailand (with the Indigenous Peoples’ Foundation on Education and Environment - IPF).
The overall goal is to promote approaches in national REDD strategies that take both long-term forest conservation and rights and concerns of indigenous peoples into account. The programme’s specific purposes are to: 1) increase awareness on climate change, REDD, and national forest conservation policies and laws, and build capacity for the effective engagement of indigenous peoples in policy advocacy and negotiations and national REDD strategy development; 2) increase awareness among national governments, as well as among multilateral organisations on the need to include concerns of equity, social justice and poverty reduction, and the rights and needs of indigenous peoples, in forest conservation policies and REDD strategies; 3) strengthen indigenous peoples’ community-based forest conservation, and enhance their capacity to critically assess, negotiate and prepare for REDD partnerships with government agencies, donors and private companies, and; 4) increase understanding of community-based and collaborative approaches in forest conservation and REDD among relevant government agencies, and increase their capacity to enter into partnership with indigenous communities and their organisations for forests conservation and REDD.
This regional effort supports the work of the IWGIA in raising awareness and strengthening advocacy around REDD+ schemes. One of the results of IWGIA’s engagement and support for awareness raising on the implications of REDD for indigenous peoples has been the creation of the Climate Change Monitoring and Information Network, a website that acts as a platform for information sharing between IWGIA’s partners.
The programme has promoted the involvement of indigenous people in, and their influence over, national processes. In 2011, NEFIN and AMAN contributed to the Social and Environmental Standards (SES) and have continuously advocated for the rights of indigenous peoples’ in Nepal’s and Indonesia’s national REDD+ strategies. NEFIN has also organised national level community-based REDD+ training for indigenous leaders on the procedures of carbon stock measurement.
In Vietnam, CDSM has actively engaged in the REDD+ dialogue with provincial government agencies and has also used broadcast information on climate change, REDD+ and forestry via television and radio. CDSM has also promoted the inclusion of indigenous peoples and Free, Prior and Informed Consent to be included in a number of community education centres. In Thailand, IPF has strengthened community forestry and climate justice networks at the local level.
In Laos, GAPE and LBA have focused on raising awareness on REDD+ through meetings and the distribution of materials. Consultations and discussions have also been carried out with a number of organisations involved in REDD+. LBA has, with the support of the German Organisation for International Cooperation (GIZ) developed guidelines for FPIC to piloted as part of the CliPAD programme.