The most relevant federal laws for REDD+ implementation in Ethiopia are the Forest Development, Conservation and Utilisation Proclamation (No. 542/2007), the Development, Conservation and Utilisation of Wildlife Proclamation (No.541/2007), and the Federal Rural Land Administration and Land Use Proclamation (No. 456/2005). These provide the underlying regulations for forest and wildlife areas and for the public administration of land, land use and tenure rights in rural areas. At the sub-national level a number of regional proclamations are in place to implement the federal law. Of specific relevance to REDD+ is the Oromia Forestry Proclamation (No.72/2003) as it extends the definition of forest ownership from state and private ownership (federal proclamation 542/2007) to include community forests. This law has been identified as a favourable pre-condition for implementing REDD+ at landscape level in the Oromia region (Ararsa et. al., 2013). Ethiopia is also a signatory to a number of international conventions and protocols. These include the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC ratified in 1994), the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD adopted in 1994), the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD ratified in 1994) and its Cartagena Protocol on Bio-safety (Bio-safety Protocol adopted in 2000) (EPA, 2012).
Ararsa Regassa, Lulu Likassa, Sertse Sebuh, Tesfaye Gonfa, Tsegaye Tadesse, Yietebitu Moges. 2013. Emission reductions at the landscape level in Oromia region, Ethiopia [online]. Presentation held at the FCPF 6th Carbon Fund meeting in March 2013. Available here
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AUTHORITY (EPA). 2012. National Report of Ethiopia, the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio +20). Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa.