REDD+ projects 5
Other readiness initiatives 17
Forest cover High
Deforestation rate High
FCPF Yes
UN REDD Yes

Cameroon

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Cameroon has implemented more than twenty REDD+ activities at the regional, national and project levels with varying objectives ranging from the conservation of biodiversity, securing safeguards and poverty alleviation to the development of a national accounting process. Several of these initiatives (e.g. Pro-poor REDD Project, TRIDOM project, Community Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) in the Congo Basin) are being implemented across multiple countries to explore trans-boundary conservation of the Congo Basin. REDD activities in Cameroon are being implemented by a variety of actors including international NGOs such as WWF and WCS, national NGOs such as the Centre for Environment and Development (CED) and government agencies.

According to the R-PP, Cameroon opts for a sub-national approach to REDD+ implementation, coupled with a national approach in conformity with the Central African Forest Commission (COMIFAC)’s Convergence Plan. The strategy options currently proposed are two-fold, namely 1) sector-specific investments and 2) cross-cutting national programmes such as land use planning and governance improvements. Two key concepts are considered noteworthy for REDD+ implementation in Cameroon: the creation of REDD+ Implementation Zones (Zones de Mise en Oeuvre de la REDD+ (ZOMO-REDD+)) and the creation of REDD+ Optimal Action Zones (Zones d’action optimales de la REDD+ (ZOA-REDD+)). According to the R-PP, ZOMO-REDD+ corresponds to zones where the deforestation and/or forest degradation rate are the most worrisome and where measures must be urgently taken in order to mitigate the problems of deforestation and degradation. Ideally ZOMOs coincide with existing natural resource management tools such as community forests, parks, forest reserves, etc.  While ZOMOs are considered the smallest REDD+ implementation unit, ZOA-REDD+ are meant to cover a set of REDD+ activities or encompass a series of ZOMO-REDD+ areas. The scope of the ZOA-REDD+ thus allows for an entire agro-ecological zone or landscape (such as TNS, TRIDOM, etc.) to be covered by REDD+ implementation.

References

MINEF, First initial communication to  Climate  Change.  National report  submitted  to UNFCCC., 2001,

Ministry of the Environment, Nature Protection and Sustainable Development (MINEPDED) 2013, Readiness Preparation Proposal(R-PP) submitted to the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF)

Centre for Environment and Development (CED) (2010).  Whose Land is it? The status of customary land tenure, Cameroon. Available here (accessed 13 November 2013)

Forest Peoples Programme, 2009. Land rights and the forest peoples of Africa Historical, legal and anthropological perspectives, Moreton-in-Marsh, UK in Cameroon